Kodi amorphous ndi chiyani?

Tiyeni tiyambe ndi zida za amorphous.Nthawi zambiri pamakhala mitundu iwiri ya zida zomwe anthu amakumana nazo pamoyo watsiku ndi tsiku: imodzi ndi zinthu za crystalline, ndipo inayo ndi ya amorphous.Zomwe zimatchedwa crystalline material zikutanthauza kuti makonzedwe a atomiki mkati mwa zinthu amatsatira lamulo linalake.M'malo mwake, ngati makonzedwe a atomiki amkati ali osagwirizana, ndi chinthu cha amorphous, ndipo chitsulo chambiri, chomwe makonzedwe ake a atomiki amkati amalamulidwa, ndi chinthu cha crystalline.Asayansi apeza kuti zitsulo zikasungunuka, maatomu mkati mwake amakhala akugwira ntchito.Chitsulocho chikayamba kuzizira, maatomuwo amakonza pang’onopang’ono ndi mwadongosolo mogwirizana ndi lamulo linalake la kristalo pamene kutentha kumatsika, n’kupanga kristalo.Ngati kuzirala kuli kofulumira, maatomu amawumbidwa asanakonzekerenso, motero amapanga amorphous alloy.Kukonzekera kwa amorphous alloys ndi njira yolimba yolimba.Chitsulo chosungunuka chotentha kwambiri chomwe chimasungunuka chimapopera pa mpukutu wozizira womwe umazungulira mofulumira kwambiri.Chitsulo chosungunuka chimasungunuka mofulumira pa liwiro la mamiliyoni a madigiri pa sekondi imodzi, ndipo chitsulo chosungunula pa 1300 ° C chimatsitsidwa mpaka pansi pa 200 ° C mu chikwi chimodzi chokha cha sekondi imodzi, kupanga mzere wa amorphous.

What is amorphous?

Poyerekeza ndi ma crystalline alloys, ma amorphous alloys asintha kwambiri pathupi, mankhwala ndi makina.Kutengera chitsulo chochokera ku amorphous alloy mwachitsanzo, chimakhala ndi mawonekedwe a machulukitsidwe apamwamba a maginito komanso kutayika kochepa.Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe otere, zida za amorphous alloy zimakhala ndi malo ambiri ogwiritsira ntchito pazinthu zambiri monga zamagetsi, ndege, zakuthambo, makina, ndi ma microelectronics.Mwachitsanzo, m'munda wazamlengalenga, mphamvu zamagetsi, kulemera kwa zida kumatha kuchepetsedwa, ndipo malipirowo akhoza kuonjezedwa.Ikagwiritsidwa ntchito mumagetsi aboma ndi zida zamagetsi, imatha kuchepetsa kwambiri kukula kwamagetsi, kukonza magwiridwe antchito, ndikukulitsa luso loletsa kusokoneza.The kakang'ono chitsulo pachimake akhoza ankagwiritsa ntchito thiransifoma mu Integrated utumiki digito network ISDN.Mizere ya amorphous imagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga ma tag a sensor a machitidwe odana ndi kuba m'masitolo akuluakulu ndi malaibulale.Mphamvu zamatsenga za ma amorphous alloys zili ndi chiyembekezo chachikulu chamsika.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-26-2022